What is safeguarding?

What is Safeguarding and Child Protection?

When we think about protecting children from harm, we refer to two measures.  These are:
  1. Safeguarding;
  2. Child Protection.

Safeguarding is the action taken to promote the welfare of all children and keep them safe from harm. Safeguarding is different from Child Protection.

Child Protection is the specific action taken to protect individual children who have been identified as suffering, or likely to suffer significant harm.

The NSPCC website provides a very good summary of what safeguarding means.  It can be found by clicking here.


There are principally two areas of safeguarding: abuse and neglect.  Abuse is further divided into three categories, namely:
  1. physical abuse;
  2. emotional abuse;
  3. sexual abuse.

There are specific issues relating to each category.  Some of these are listed below.
  • Domestic Abuse
  • Online Abuse
  • Bullying and Cyberbullying
  • Child Sexual Abuse
  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
  • Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)
  • Harmful Sexual Behaviour

With regard to keeping children safe, the following issues take high priority.
  • Self Harm
  • Child Trafficking
  • On-line Safety
  • Radicalisation
  • Home Alone
  • Staying Safe Away from Home
  • Drugs and Alcohol
  • Mental Health and Suicidal Thoughts
  • Grooming
  • Sexting
  • Healthy Sexual Behaviour